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Maria Terezinha Vaz.
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Curitiba Seasonal Parks  


Curitiba's Seasonal Parks (Parques Lineares de Fundo de Vale, meaning Linear Parks of the bottom of the valley) was one of its kind in the world, an idea that came from the brilliant mind of Civil Engineer Nicolau Kluppel around 1966. He designed these parks respecting natural flow of rivers and transformed flood plains into useful and beautiful parks.
Kluppel said he has concerns about canalizing river because it is, most of the time, transferring flood problems instead of stopping them to happen. The curvy shape of the river, said Kluppel, its river own way of controlling volume of water during raining season. Canalizing destroys nature's way of dealing with extra water volume because river loses its natural shape.
Kluppel's design of each park varies according to the natural course of the river along the riverbanks; they all have a lake, which is an excavated permanent flood control area to retain rainwater. Modestly Kluppel said that by construing nature, he only helped.
In addition to their utilities, these beautiful parks became recreational areas for citizens and tourists with facilities such as restaurants, amusement parks, and other services that pay park construction costs. Raised real estate values in the surrounding areas, and the percentages of green area increased from seven square meters per inhabitant in the 1960's to fifty square meters per inhabitant at the end of the 1990's. While the international recommendation is twelve square meters per inhabitant, Curitiba has fifty, much of which is fully accessible to all.

Sunday at Parque Tangua - As with most other parks in Curitiba Tangua is the result of man interacting with nature insted of against it. The Tangua Park, which is located in the heart of Curitiba, was an open region along the Tangua riverbank used as deposite for toxic waste. Once a rocky insipid area, it has been transformed into a beautiful recreational park with waterfall and tunnel made to protect the environment and amuse us.
São Lourenço Lake Reflection - The water is muddy because it retains rainwater to prevent flood, but there are fish abundantly.
São Lourenço Park - São Lourenzo Park is one of the oldest seasonal parks in Curitiba. People from all over come to enjoy music, watch the sheep brought to trim the grass (The City did not have the money to cut it; the solution was to bring in sheep), and picnic under the trees along the peremiter lake that controls floods during the raining season.
Capybaras at Iguaçu Park - This is the biggest and wildest park in Curitiba. It is 26km long and about 2km wide. The City is still working on developing it. However, as one can see in this image, its residents do not feel threatened at all.
Sunset at Tingui Park - This is the most topographically elaborate of all Curitiba parks design. During the dry season, one can easily see the excavations to deviate water to control flood.
Bosque do Alemão - A tribute to the German immigrants. Curitiba has established sites honoring various immigrant groups who helped develop the city. Fairy tales are writen along trail in beautiful signs enhancing visitor's experience. It is almost like immersing yourself into their tales.
  Early Morning at Barigui Park I, II, and III - Barigui is one of the first seasonal parks in Curitiba. It has restaurants, playground, pedal boats, walkways, and convention center. The park has long ago paid for itself.

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